Diabetes is another illness today that does not choose age or gender, and which can be the cause of damage to many organs in the human body, and ultimately may be cause of death. Diabetes is one of the main causes of visual impairment (blindness), kidney damage, heart attacks, strokes, and amputations.
The World Health Organization reports that the number of diabetics has increased fourfold in 2014, compared with 1980, and that the worldwide prevalence of diabetes in people over 18 years has risen from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. Since it is clear here that diabetes is spreading at a high speed, and it is important to find the right preventive methods to prevent the rapid spread of this disease, and the most effective treatments – for cases in which the disease has already been diagnosed.
The good news is that diabetes can be prevented or at least delayed with proper nutrition, physical activity, maintaining normal body weight and avoiding the use of tobacco, and also after diagnosis can be treated to prevent further complications and damage to certain organs with the help of diet, physical activity, medications and regular controls and tests.
Scientists are in constant search for medicines or plants with anti-diabetic effect, and one of these plants is precisely the Ceylon cinnamon, and in the continuation of this article, we will list results from several studies about the anti-diabetic effect of cinnamon.
1. In a study with 25 examinees – diabetics, the participants were either given 1 g of cinnamon, or placebo within 12 weeks. The result was: a significant reduction on the level fasting glycemia in people who are receiving cinnamon compared with those on placebo and compared with initial results. A slight (statistically insignificant) decrease in the level of glycosylated hemoglobin(hemoglobin to which glucose is bound)has been observed. Another interesting effect that is seen in subjects receiving cinnamon is an increase in the levels of superoxide dismutase-a powerful antioxidant in our body.
Placebo effect-A medical phenomenon, produced by a placebo drug or treatment, where the results of medical treatment are caused by the patient’s ideas about how much is effective healing is. The term is especially used when the patient dramatically reacts to physiologically inactive treatment.
2. In another study with 543 examinees, a statistically significant decrease in the level of glycemic index on fasting glycemia, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride levels, and elevation of HDL cholesterol was observed. But there was also no significant reduction in glycosylated hemoglobin(is tested to monitor the long-term control of diabetes mellitus) levels.
3. In one study with rats, is was examined whether the effect of cinnamon is insulin dependent or insulin independent. Rats who received cinnamon had better regulation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and the mitochondrial protein UCP-1 in their brown adipose tissues as well as in their muscles. So cinnamon improves the function of the transporter and the aforementioned protein, which increases the exploitation of glucose, which ultimately results in non-insulin-dependent anti- diabetic effects.
Although there is still no clear conclusion about the complete anti-diabetic effect of cinnamon (due to the small-insignificant decrease in glycosylated hemoglobin), its effect on the reduction of fasting glycemia is undeniable and is already proven, so all those who have a problem with high levels of fasting glycemia can include the ceylon cinnamon in the diet.
The use of Ceylon cinnamon in quantities like foods is likely safe. For the most people if is taken in quantities for medicine is probably unsafe (in quantities larger than those found in food). But if taken in larger quantities in the long term it may be unsafe. People with type 2 diabetes should be careful and follow the signs of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) because the use of Ceylon cinnamon can reduce blood sugar and lead to that condition. Therefore, if you use it as a medicine, be sure to consult with your healthcare professional for advice.