Many people today are facing with allergic problems, and especially with pollen allergy. One of the most common forms is allergic rhinitis or pollen fever which causes a constant leakage from the nose and inflammation of his mucous membrane.
Allergic rhinitis occurs when are inhaled ingredients (pollen particles) from the air, on which we are allergic and which, in contact with the mucous membrane, cause an inflammatory reaction.
Pollen particles are invisible for the eyes. Research shows that every year a growing number of people become sensitive to these micro particles. Allergic reaction caused by these particles is especially pronounced in spring and summer (sometimes even through in autumn) when many potential allergens are released into the air, creating a high concentration of pollen from different herbs. So, while we have hot weather, we will have pollen together with allergies.
HOW DOES THE ALLERGY OCCUR?
When the pollen particle comes into contact with mucous membrane in the respiratory system in people who suffering from allergies, the immune system is recognizes pollen as a foreign substance (a body that is not an integral part of the organism) and then reaction is begins. White blood cells belonging to the body’s immune system begin to produce the protein IgE (immunoglobulin E) as well as antibodies. The result of this is the release of histamine, a substance that is responsible for the occurrence of allergy.
THE MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS ARE:
- Itching in the nose
- Often sneezing
- Runny nose or clogged nose
- Sore throat
- Itching, redness and watery eyes
It is sometimes difficult to get an accurate diagnosis based solely on the symptoms, because these symptoms also occur in other conditions, such as a common cold. But, there are symptoms that can be noticed without medical help, for example, in the case of colds, there are usually an elevated temperature and a secretion from the nose, which usually becomes greenish and compact in a few days.
On the other hand, allergies do not show an elevated temperature, and the secretion is usually liquid and does not change compactness. In addition, most commonly appear overnight pronounced symptoms, and in the morning are noticeable reddens eyes (allergic conjunctivitis) and have sneezing attacks. During the rainy days, reactions are less pronounced because water drops from the rain is clean the air from pollen particles.
For a safe diagnosis, so-called skin tests (such as “skin prick test”) are performed in specialized medical institutions that treat the problem of allergies.
The pollen allergy can not be cured, but there are ways to alleviate symptoms .It is important to emphasize that the symptoms of this allergy among the youngest must not be ignored, in order to avoid chronic asthma in them. Before starting treatment it is necessary to set an accurate diagnosis. Once an accurate diagnosis is made and there is no doubt that it is a pollen allergy, it starts with:
Alleviate symptoms with medication therapy – Antihistamines (tablets, nasal spray, eye drops), decongestants (nose and eyes drops), corticosteroids (tablets, injections, inhalers).
Hypo-sensitization – is based on the gradual injection of an allergen into the body, and every new intake goes with a slightly elevated dose, thus achieving the body becoming more tolerant on the allergen. It is most commonly performed during the winter period when the patient has no symptoms.
Acupuncture –this method allows the body to refrain from unnecessary reaction. This is a method that has no harmful effect and should be performed several months before air is fulfilled with pollen particles.
– How to keep pollen away from your home?
It is not difficult for small particles of pollen to end up in your home, when they are invisible for the human eye. Whenever you ventilate your home, when you enter in home with the same shoes with who you walked out, or when you dry your clothes outdoors, you invite pollen to be your guest. Here’s how to reduce his presence in the home:
Keep the windows and doors closed, especially in the morning. Although ventilation seems like a good option, in the season of pollen it may mean worsening of the symptoms of an allergy. Use an air conditioner and regularly change the air purification filters. The best time for ventilation is the rainy days and days with high humidity in the air. Avoid ventilation on windy days.
Clean with a vacuum cleaner and wipe dust at least twice a week. Maybe you did not know, but dust in your home also contains pollen. To reduce the severity of the symptoms, it is necessary to minimize dust in the home.
Forbid smoking in the home. Smoke from cigarettes can aggravate allergy symptoms.
Dry the clothes and bedding at home or in a drying machine. Pollen easily accrues to the laundry when they are dried out.
Take off and clean your shoes before you enter in your home. Do not get in home with your shoes because they have pollen that can later irritate your nose, eyes and throat. Take off your shoes at the front door.
Take a shower and change the clothes as soon as you get home. If you do not intend to go out again, go immediately under the shower. While you are outside, pollen is collected on your hair, skin, and clothing and if you do not remove it, it can easily end up on your pillow, and destroy your sleep at night. If you plan to go out again, leave the shower for a good night.
Clean your pets before you let them enter in your home. In the spring, dogs collect pollen on their fur, and many mistakenly think that they are allergic to their hairs, but in fact it is a pollen allergy. Before you let your pet in home, clean his fur with a comb or a damp cloth. If you do not have time to do so, forbid him to enter the bedroom.
– When you get out of your home, pay attention to the following
No matter how much you want to hide from the pollen, you will not be able to stay indoors at home. Take the following tips to help reduce your pollen exposure when you are outside of your home:
If is possible, get out when pollen particles in the air are smaller. Although pollen is present in the air throughout the day, it is the most concentrated in the morning. Delay the exit from home until noon, and especially be careful in the windy days. Pollen concentration falls when it rains.
Wear glasses or sunglasses. Because it will be greatly prevent the wind from bringing pollen to your eyes.
Do not open the windows from your car. Because pollen will be find a place in your car.
Avoid freshly mowed grass and hand over the care of your garden to someone else. By mowing the grass and collecting leaves in the garden, pollen particles is move, so they can easily reach your nose or mouth. Also, avoid contact with freshly mowed grass. But, if you work in the garden, put a mask for covering your nose and mouth.
When the allergy causes more pronounced symptoms, consultation with a doctor is needed, who can propose drugs, drops or sprays to relieve symptoms.